What is Composting?

Composting is a term that is used when someone controls the decomposition (breakdown) of natural waste, organic solid wastes. Usually composting is done in a bin or heap, where natural rubbish is allowed to mix together and decomposed into a crumbly fertilizer.

Why Should I Compost?

Not only does composting help us reduce the amount of rubbish that we bin, and the risks of further polluting the air, land and water with this rubbish, but composting is also an easy way to get some excellent – and free – fertilizer for the garden. (Not to mention it’s always fun to get a particularly wormy, gross compost heap going!)

How do I Begin Composting?

If you live in a city or have a very small garden, composting may not be the right option for you. But if you live outside of urban (city) areas and have a large garden that you enjoy taking care of, composting is as easy as designating a bin or a small section of land for your compost heap. If you choose to use a bin, cut out the bottom so that the compost material can touch the earth. If you choose to designate an area of the garden, make sure that it has some sort of shelter for the heap. As you add materials to the heap, try to make sure that they are always a little moist, that they are sheltered from wind and rain, and that air can circulate freely through the heap.

What Materials can be Composted?

Many organic and natural materials can be composted. Grass cuttings, leaves, flowers and vegetable scraps can all be composted, as can fruit scraps and peels, leftover table scraps and egg shells, coffee grounds and stale bread. Paper, cardboard, sawdust, animal manure and seaweed can also be composted. Do not attempt to add meat scraps, wood branches, metal, glass, plastics or any type of garden waste that has been sprayed with pesticides or other chemicals. These items do not decompose well and will hold up the efficiency of your compost heap.

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